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Basic Terminology

Infertility is inability of a couple of a childbearing age to conceive a baby while having regular sexual life. A married couple is considered infertile if pregnancy does not occur within 12 months of regular sexual life without any use of contraceptives. If the woman is older than 35, the period decreases to six months.

Intrauterine insemination is introduction of previosly obtained sperm into a female’s cervical canal or uterus.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)— is artificial fertilization of an ovum outside the woman’s body, in vitro.

ICSI is a sperm injection into the cytoplasm of the egg cell.

IMSI is intracytoplasmic injection of morphologically selected spermatozoa

PICSI is physiological intra cytoplasmic sperm injection, physiological ICSI.

TESA is a needle less invasive method of obtaining spermatozoa applied when there are no spermatozoa in the ejaculateand.

TESE is a microsurgical multifocal biopsy of the testicle in which more testicular tissue is retrieved compared with TESA method.

Spermogram is a laboratory study of ejaculate, its qualitative and quantitative indices. This analysis allows determining fertility of sperm, as well as detecting some infectious diseases. The data obtained as a result of the study can be indicative of infertility or diseases of the male reproductive system.

Surrogacy. The surrogate motherhood program is carried out as part of the IVF procedure. Embryos obtained from genetic parents are transferred to the uterus cavity of a surrogate mother.