Reproduction and IVF
Infertility is inability of a childbearing age couple to conceive having regular sexual intercourse with no contraceptives over a period of 12 months. At initial consultations in the Clinic our fertility specialists investigate the cause of infertility and suggest a strategy of a treatment. In order to make a precise diagnosis, a doctor prescribes required laboratory and diagnostic testing. Many infertility factors can be treated by means of pharmacological therapy or through surgical treatment. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are applied in cases of infertility which cannot be treated with other methods. ART are a set of techniques aimed at onset of pregnancy in which certain or all stages of conception are carried out outside the organism of the mother-to-be. ART cover a wide spectrum of treatments.
One of the methods of infertility treatment is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). If fertilization does not occur naturally in the body of a woman, it can be carried out outside the body. This is the basic idea of the method of in vitro fertilization. The IVF procedure consists of several stages, each of which is important, and success of treatment depends on each of the stages. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most effective method of assisted reproductive technologies. The result of the treatment is a much-anticipated pregnancy.
It is the most common reproductive technology and it is applied in case the female patient has no fallopian tubes or ovaries, in cases of endometriosis, and certain diseases and pathologies of the uterus. In IVF oocyte fertilization takes place in a laboratory outside the woman’s body, in vitro. In order to obtain several oocytes for fertilization, the doctor prescribes a special hormone therapy to stimulate ovulation. Mature oocytes (according to the results of ultrasound investigation) are retrieved from the ovary by puncture, after which they are placed in a special environment where processed sperm cells are added to them for fertilization. The fertilized cells develop within 3-5 days in a special incubator under supervision of an embryologist. When embryos, in the embryologist’s opinion, are ready, they are transplanted into the uterus. 12-14 days after the transfer the woman undergoes a medical test to determine the concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in her blood, which indicates a pregnancy. This method of infertility treatment is widely used because of its high efficiency – about 50% of women successfully carry a child after IVF procedures. Pregnancy after IVF is not different from a normal pregnancy.