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Reproductive Andrology

Andrology is a medical area that deals with male reproductive health. The main goal of andrology is to preserve and recover male reproductive health.

Among causes of infertility, the male infertility causes make no less than 30%, another 30% of infertility is caused by combined factors. Specialists of the reproductive andrology department of Gryshchenko Clinic-IVF effectively diagnose causes of male infertility and provide treatment which leads to obtaining normal sperm cells.  In some cases after the treatment of male infertility, pregnancy can occur naturally, in other cases such reproductive technologies as intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization can be applied.

Male infertility is mostly connected with three main problems:

  • inadequacy of sperm cells, disorder of their mobility and viability (asthenoospermia, teratozoospermia);
  • sharp decrease of sperm cell number in ejaculate (oligospermia, cryptozoospermia, azoospermia);
  • disorder of sperm cells movement along the deferent canal and sperm ejection (dysmorphology of genital organs).

These problems can be caused by many different reasons: inborn defects and genetic disorders, varicocele, injury and inflammation of male urinogenital organs, infectious diseases, immunologic and hormonal disorders, after-effects of medical procedures (surgery, chemotherapy or ionizing radiation). Male fertility can also be influenced by external reasons: psychoactive substances (alcohol, tobacco, drug addiction and taking some kinds of medications), poor environmental conditions (radiation exposure, pesticides, lack of vitamin C and zink) and even simple careless handling of own organism (overtight clothes, frequent visits to sauna, over-active sports), etc.

Some male fertility problems can be detected during examination, others require additional methods of diagnostics. A spermogram (examination of semen liquid) is the basic analysis in andrology. Markers of spermogram allow confirming or excluding the male factor as a cause of infertility.

The reproductive andrology department offers a wide range of diagnostics (male fertility tests) and medical procedures which lead to obtaining sperm cells of good quality in most cases. However, it should be mentioned, that about 3% of cases of male infertility cannot be cured and sperm cells of good quality cannot be obtained. In such cases, our patients are offered sperm donation.

Even if you are completely sure that the male factor is not a cause of infertility in your couple, a consultation with an andrology doctor is essential! Success of further infertility treatment to a large extent depends on the quality of sperm obtained from the male patient.